Suport Accés per a alumnes
Past Simple

Què és el Past Simple?

El Past Simple és un temps verbal que, com el seu nom ja indica, parla del passat.

Hi ha diversos temps verbals per a parlar del passat però el Past Simple és el més utilitzat pel passat.

La part fàcil del PastSimple és que la conjugació del verb ésigual per a totes les persones.

Per exemple, el passat de work és worked, llavorsdius:

La part difícil és que hi ha una llista llarga de verbs irregulars, i és qüestió de memoritzar. Ara explicarem com formar el Past Simple i com utilitzar-lo.

Com formar el Pasat Simple

El Pasat Simple es forma així:
Subjecte + infinitiu del verb + ED

I worked
You talked
She walked
He called
It rained
We cooked
You booked
They looked

smoke
smokeDI smoked 5 cigarettes yesterday
liveliveD I lived in Spain from 1999 to 2001

StopStopped
RobRobbed
PayPaid
SaySaid

Tots els exemples esmentats adalt són verbs regulars.

Verbs irregulars

Com hem esmentat abans; hi ha una llista llarga de verbs irregulars. Molts dels verbs més utilitzats són irregulars, començant amb el verb més usat, el verb: to be.

El Pasat Simple del verb to be és: was were

I
Was
YouWere
HeWas
She
It
WeWere
You
They

Altres verbs irregulars però molt freqüents són:

Buy
Bought
DrinkDrank
EatAte
Get
Got
Go
Went
Know
Knew
SeeSaw
SpeakSpoke
ThinkThought
WriteWrote

Llista completa dels verbs irregulars en anglès

 Simple Present Past ParticiplePast Participle
 arise

awake

be

bear

beat

become

begin

bend

bet

bite

bleed

blow

break

bring

build

burn

burst

buy

catch

choose

cling

come

cost

creep

cut

deal

dig

dive

do

draw

dream

drink

drive

eat

fall

feed

feel

fight

find

fit

flee

fling

fly

forbid

forget

forgive

forgo

freeze

get

give

go

grind

grow

hang

have

hear

hide

hit

hold

hurt

keep

kneel

knit

know

lay

lead

leap

leave

lend

let

lie (down)

light

lose

make

mean

meet

pay

prove

put

quit

read

ride

ring

rise

run

saw

say

see

seek

sell

send

set

sew

shake

shave

shear

shine

shoot

show

shrink

shut

sing

sink

sit

slay

sleep

slide

sneak

speak

speed

spend

spill

spin

spit

split

spread

spring

stand

steal

stick

sting

stink

strew

strike

strive

swear

sweep

swim

swing

take

teach

tear

tell

think

thrive

throw

undergo

understand

upset

wake

wear

weave

weep

win

wind

withdraw

wring

write
arose

awoke

was, were

bore

beat

became

began

bent

bet

bit

bled

blew

broke

brought

built

burned or burnt

burst

bought

caught

chose

clung

came

cost

crept

cut

dealt

dug

dived or dove

did

drew

dreamed or dreamt

drank

drove

ate

fell

fed

felt

fought

found

fit, fitted

fled

flung

flew

forbade or forbad

forgot

forgave

forwent

froze

got

gave

went

ground

grew

hung or hanged

had

heard

hid

hit

held

hurt

kept

knelt or kneeled

knitted or knit

knew

laid

led

leapt or leaped

left

lent

let

lay

lit or lighted

lost

made

meant

met

paid

proved

put

quit

read

rode

rang

rose

ran

sawed

said

saw

sought

sold

sent

set

sewed

shook

shaved

sheared

shone or shined

shot

showed

shrank or shrunk

shut

sang

sank

sat

slew

slept

slid

sneaked or snuck

spoke

sped

spent

spilled or spilt

spun

spat or spit

split

spread

sprang

stood

stole

stuck

stung

stank or stunk

strewed

struck

strove or strived

swore

swept

swam

swung

took

taught

tore

told

thought

thrived or throve

threw

underwent

understood

upset

woke or waked

wore

wove

wept

won

wound

withdrew

wrung

wrote
arisen

awoken

been

borne

beaten or beat

become

begun

bent

bet

bitten

bled

blown

broken

brought

built

burned or burnt

burst

bought

caught

chosen

clung

come

cost

crept

cut

dealt

dug

dived

done

drawn

dreamed or dreamt

drunk

driven

eaten

fallen

fed

felt

fought

found

fit, fitted

fled

flung

flown,

forbidden or forbade

forgotten

forgiven

forgone

frozen

gotten or got

given

gone

ground

grown

hung or hanged

had

heard

hidden

hit

held

hurt

kept

knelt or kneeled

knitted or knit

known

laid

led

leapt or leaped

left

lent

let

lain

lit or lighted

lost

made

meant

met

paid

proved or proven

put

quit

read

ridden

rung

risen

run

sawed or sawn

said

seen

sought

sold

sent

set

sewn or sewed

shaken

shaved or shaven

sheared or shorn

shone or shined

shot

shown or showed

shrunk or shrunken

shut

sung

sunk

sat

slain

slept

slid

sneaked or snuck

spoken

sped

spent

spilled or spilt

spun

spat or spit

split

spread

sprung

stood

stolen

stuck

stung

stunk

strewn

struck or stricken

striven or strived

sworn

swept

swum

swung

taken

taught

torn

told

thought

thrived or thriven

thrown

undergone

understood

upset

woken or waked

worn

woven

wept

won

wound

withdrawn

wrung

written

Use (of the) Past Simple

 Per què Past Simple? Exemple
Una acció completada amb expressió de temps
  • Yesterday I saw Tom
  • Last week I was on holiday
Una sèrie d'accions completades
  • I cooked, cleaned the house, fed the dog, called my mother...
  • First I wrote the letter, then I put it in an envelope, then I went to the post office and I posted the letter
Període de temps en el passat. Acció que va començar i va acabar en el passat.
  • He lived in Paris for 3 years
  • I worked there from 2002 until 2005
Costums en el passat
  • I played volleyball when I was a child
  • I worked a lot when I was young

Grammar Guide

1. Do Does
2. Make Do
3. Question Tags
4. Some Any
5. To Be
6. Past Simple
7. Prefixes
8. Present Perfect

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